Unit mechanisms of fission gas release: Current understanding and future needs

Michael Tonks, David Andersson, Ram Devanathan, Roland Dubourg, Anter El-Azab, Michel Freyss, Fernando Iglesias, Katalin Kulacsy, Giovanni Pastore, Simon R. Phillpot, Michael Welland

Journal of Nuclear Materials 504, 300-317 (2018)

gap properties. While gaseous fission product behavior has been investigated with bulk reactor experiments and simplified analytical models, recent improvements in experimental and modeling approaches at the atomistic and mesoscales are beginning to reveal new understanding of the unit mechanisms that define fission product behavior. Here, existing research on the basic mechanisms of fission gas release during normal reactor operation are summarized and critical areas where work is needed are identified. This basic understanding of the fission gas behavior mechanisms has the potential to revolutionize our ability to predict fission product behavior and to design fuels with improved performance. In addition, this work can serve as a model on how a coupled experimental and modeling approach can be applied to understand the unit mechanisms behind other critical behaviors in reactor materials.